How far will concrete advance in the near future? A recent article in Government Technology provides a good summary.
According to writer Chad Vander Veen, insulated concrete forms and smart concrete are just two developments.
Engineers are also close to commercial-scale development of self-healing concrete. The basic concept of self-healing concrete is that the concrete is embedded with either single-use capsules or externally refillable tubes. The capsules or tubes are themselves filled with a special polymer. If the concrete is damaged, the capsules or tubes break, releasing the polymer into the damaged area, effectively healing the damage.
Read More and check out this video on smart concrete from the National Science Foundation, featuring Deborah D.L. Chung, director of the Composite Materials Research Laboratory at the University of Buffalo.