Launch Slideshow

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Red Alert

Red Alert

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    U.S. Ready Mixed Concrete Production versus Profit per Yard

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    Cost versus Price per Yard

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    Average Selling Price per Yard for a Typical Producer

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    Pre-tax Profit—Dollars per Yard

I have written about the results of the NRMCA's Industry Data Survey each year since 2005. This year, against the cruel reality of a market in contraction and an industry witnessing a transformation that represents the “new normal,” it may be the most compelling time to review the latest results. The stark reality is the industry's financial performance hasn't been this challenging in decades.

So there is no confusion, the results presented here are for the prior calendar year. In this instance, the 2010 survey is reporting financial results for calendar 2009.

Unfortunately, many of the predictions we made last year about 2009's results were correct, except one: Somehow, as puzzling as it may seem, the industry succeeded in effecting an increase in the top-line selling price, which was something we did not predict. This made the results less painful than they could have been.

Otherwise, we were right in many areas: We predicted a 265-million-yard market in 2009, and the actual number fell below that, finishing closer to 258 million yards. We also predicted contractions in volume and the attendant impacts on plant and fleet efficiency.

The results

So how did the industry fare in 2009? While this may come as no surprise, we predicted falling volumes would tip the industry into the red. And despite the gains in top-line selling price, the industry lost the most amount of money per cubic yard produced since the recession of the early 1990s. Here are some of the key data:

  • As we reported last year, the increase in selling price saved the industry in 2008, allowing it to essentially break even at a 20-cent-per-yard profit margin, down from a profit of $6.06 in 2007.
  • But the bottom line was painful in 2009, as the industry lost $3.07 per yard produced despite an increase in the selling price of $1.90 per yard for the Typical Producer, which is the average of all producer respondents and does not take into account size or geography. This is a financial drubbing we haven't witnessed in almost two decades. It is driven exclusively by lower volumes over which to spread fixed costs.

  • Fortunately, we believe the volume freefall has settled near bottom, and there won't be any substantial deterioration in 2010. Specifically, while 2009 finished at around 258 million yards, we guess 2010 will finish at 250 million yards, which is fairly flat compared to last year. That represents an industry-wide drop in volume of 43.6% from the industry record 458 million yards in 2005.
  • The other big story continues to be the gains in top-line selling price, a trend that puzzles us in a market suffering declining volumes. But we think those gains will be badly eroded in 2010.
  • Selling price averaged $96.05 per yard compared with $94.15 per cubic yard in 2008. This increase was critical in staunching further red ink. Losses could have reached more than $5 per yard without this increase.

  • Other key indicators including the Typical Producer's annual yards, yards-per-plant, and yards-per-truck suffered even further from the lower levels reported in 2008:
  • Annual yards fell from 657,035 in 2008 to 442,607 in 2009, for a drop of 32.6% year-over-year, and a peak-to-trough drop of 55% compared to 2005.
  • Yards-per-plant have fallen from 49,796 in 2008 to 38,890 in 2009, for a drop of 22%, impacting the critical measure of plant productivity and no doubt pushing many plants into the red from the standpoint of marginal contribution. This is a peak-to-trough drop of 41.4% from the 2005 high.
  • Yards-per-truck dropped from 5158 in 2008 to 4098 in 2009, for a drop of 20.6%, reflecting the number of parked ready-mix trucks in the national fleet and the resulting impact on fleet efficiency. This represents a peak-to-trough drop of 30% compared to 2005.
  • All of the rest of the key data reflect the impact that lower volumes have on profitability, despite efforts by producers to cut costs. One producer-friend told me “I have cut all the fat, then all the muscle, and now I am trying to cut bone…”

    This is why I preach the Industry Data Survey is the single most important tool any concrete producer can utilize to benchmark the performance of his company against industry peers, particularly against the backdrop of the worst financial performance this industry has endured in many years. We hope you will participate this year.

    Pierre Villere writes the Concrete Returns column each month in The Concrete Producer and is president and managing partner of Allen-Villere Partners. E-mailpvillere@allenvillere.comor telephone 985-727-4310. Visitwww.allenvillere.com.


    Methodology

    While I have described the mechanics of participating in the survey many times in the past, this year I'm betting there are readers interested in the survey who are examining the results for the first time. So let me briefly describe the report and the participation process.

    Historically, participants are solicited each spring, and financial personnel within the participating companies complete detailed questionnaires with the results of their prior year's financial performance. This is then submitted to a third-party accounting firm to assure confidentiality.

    The data from these questionnaires are compiled and circulated to the participants, each of whom receives a customized report that measures the performance of their individual business against their peers throughout the industry. The results are tabulated by region, size of business, and by the top and bottom quartiles in terms of profitability.

    In addition, for those individual states where five or more respondents participate, regional results are reported by state, which is even more meaningful for individual participants. The Business Administration Committee then presents the results at the NRMCA's ConcreteWorks Conference & Expo, which was held in Charlotte, N.C., this past October. The results presented by NRMCA each fall are for the prior calendar year. So in this instance, the 2010 survey is reporting financial results for calendar 2009.