Even if pavers meet the 8000-psi compressive strength minimum and 5% absorption limit required by ASTM C 936, they may still be subject to deicer scaling. Researchers at Southern Illinois University used ASTM C 672, Standard Test Method for Scaling Resistance of Concrete Surfaces Exposed to Deicing Chemicals, which involves soaking specimens in tap water for 48 hours before a 4% calcium-chloride solution was ponded on the pavers top surfaces during freezing and thawing cycles.
Test results dramatically illustrate the effect of cement content on paver permeability and performance in the scaling tests.
The article also reveals the optimal batch weight of cement according to the study.
keywords: deicer, scaling, paver, ASTM C 672