In the early 1960's, the West Virginia Department of Highways (WVDOH) was confronted with an enormous construction program to simultaneously develop two highway projects. In order to inspect and test the production, the WVDOH launched its own quality control program as well as retaining the traditional buyer's responsibility for accepting or rejecting the work.
The state developed an enormous amount of specifications and regulations, creating a large amount of inconvenience for the contractors and producers. This caused conflicts between the state and the producers and contractors, because the state dictated all mix designs and applications and then blamed the contractors when there was a failure.
In the end the state and industry learned that the proper way to run an operation is to have the industry maintain its own quality control and the state work with them to ensure quality performance.